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A complex of technologies of the distributed power on the basis of local renewable resources – carboniferous waste and peat

     The technologies designated in the real site can work as a part of a uniform complex. Then, at the solution of problems of power supply and ecology, the effect exceeding simple addition of results of works of processing equipment is expected.


     The integrated technological scheme of a complex is given in drawing. Here it is shown that as raw materials carboniferous environments are used firm (wood waste, the processed garbage (RDF)) and liquid (the peat which is in a bog, Ils of treatment facilities, waste of agricultural productions).

The first technological repartition of raw materials is its preparation for processing: crushing, drying (for solid waste) and homogenization (for liquid). Then the firm and liquid raw materials are transferred to a gas phase with receiving ballastless (not containing nitrogen) synthesis gas. Further repartitions of raw materials are based on three technologies: Fischer-Tropsh's synthesis, pressing and hydrothermal destruction of liquid environments supercritical water.

    In comparison with information stated in other sections of the site, new data are obtained with technology of hydrothermal destruction of liquid carboniferous waste and the peat which is in a bog. Two options of this technology are possible. In the first option there is a full oxidation of carbon of raw materials to carbon dioxide. This reaction goes with allocation of heat. Allocated thus it is warm more, than it is required for reaction maintenance. The reaction product – superheated steam-gas mix – is used for receiving the electric power and heat. Thus the steam turbine giving the electric generator is involved. In the second option of technology there is a hydropyrolysis of raw materials.

 

This reaction goes with absorption of heat also demands energy from an external source. As shown in drawing, such source is the first option of technology. Synthesis gas which goes for Fischer-Tropsh's synthesis is result of reaction of hydropyrolysis. In both options of technology water of raw materials is disinfected by action of high pressures, temperatures and can be directed to recycling or is returned in a peat bog (if as raw materials the peat taken from a bog was used). In drawing it is shown that as option energy carriers with full oxidation of carbon also by-products of synthesis of Fischer-Tropsh – reactionary water and paraffin are used. Utilization of reactionary water positively influences ecological indicators of a complex of technologies.

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